Where CBD Comes From
CBD can be derived from both the industrial hemp plant (male cannabis crop) and the female marijuana plant. The hemp plant does not have resinous, cannabinoid-packed flowers, but the rest of the plant does contain some cannabidiol amongst the stalk, leaves and more.
Industrial hemp derived CBD products are typically lower in cannabidiol concentration for this reason, while extracts from the marijuana plant can be much more potent and rich, being that they are made from the resinous parts of the buds, which are full of cannabinoids.
* However, a special extraction process must be utilized in order to separate the CBD from the other cannabinoids present in the marijuana plant. This process is typically quite complicated and requires a wealth of knowledge, experience and the proper equipment to do it well.
For this reason, it is really important to consume a certified non-psychoactive cannabidiol product if you want to ensure you will not also be receiving some of the high effects from THC.
Where THC Comes From
THC only comes from very specific portions of the female cannabis plant, or marijuana crop. It is present primarily on the resinous flowers of the plant, mostly the sugar leaves, colas, buds, calyxes/bracts and trichomes.
Very high potency THC marijuana strains typically take on a frosty appearance, meaning that they contain a higher concentration of trichomes, which is what gives this crystalline look.
This is why smoking a water leaf or stalk of the cannabis plant probably won’t get you high, because there simply is not a high enough concentration of resin or trichomes in these regions, meaning little to no THC either.
Additionally, THC needs to be heated, or “decarboxylated,” in order to be activated. This is why eating buds raw won’t cause much of an effect, while smoking, cooking, baking or lighting up is how the high is able to hit you.
CBD works in concert with THC, augmenting its medical effects and moderating its psychoactive effects. Some researchers think that CBD has anti-psychotic properties which tend to reduce anxiety and panic reactions to THC. It is also considered to improve wakefulness (sharper mind) and to supplement THC’s activity against pain and spasticity (tightness, stiffness, or pull of muscles). Pretreatment with CBD in mice nearly tripled the levels of THC in their brains which is an indication that it can increase the action and effectiveness of other drugs.
If taken by itself, CBD has anti-inflammatory, anti-anxiety, anti-epileptic, sedative and neuro-protective properties. It’s also quite a powerful antioxidant and can protect against chemical damage due to oxidation. Lab and animal tests have suggested that CBD could even protect against the incurrence of the following diseases: diabetes, certain types of cancer rheumatoid arthritis, brain and nerve damage as a result of a stroke, alcoholism, Huntington’s disease, and even infections like “Mad Cow”. Other evidence suggests that CBD is biphasic, meaning that its effectiveness diminishes if the dose is too high or too low.
* CBD is one of the major ingredients in ‘Sativex’, the cannabis spray the UK-based GW Pharmaceuticals is developing. The spray contains equal parts of CBD and THC and as been approved for the treatment of Multiple Sclerosis in Canada.
Marijuana that’s sold to consumers has significantly lower levels of CBD because growers tend to selectively breed out the CBD enzyme to produce more THC.
Dr. Pierre Milot, PhD, PhD (tc)
Life Transition Counselling / CBD Sales Consulting
Grief Recovery – Clinical Hypnotherapy
Tel: 613 774 4389